Jupiter is worshipped by the Romans as the king of the gods, the son of saturn. Jupiter has many aspects, and is offered dedication on separate occasions and for many reasons. The universal epithet is Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Jupiter the best and the greatest, and signifies his role as a benevolent protector and as the most powerful deity. Jupiter also commands thunder and lightning, sanctifies the Roman elections, and stands witness to oaths. Jupiter usually communicates with humans through auguries.

The worship of Jupiter is different from many other gods in that he and his kin do not hunger for souls. He does not set down laws for his followers, and does not demand exclusive devotion. The divine power of his worshippers instead comes from a number of different prayers, libations and sacrifices. Jupiter's favor is thus granted to those who give to him of what they have. Dedication of temples and holy places is another way to conjure his favor.

Jupiter's worshippers must be aware that grovelling and weakness before the gods can be punished. Those who respectfully sacrifice and ask his counsel in times of need are likely to be rewarded, those who offer him all they have and pray incessantly may be ignored, or cursed for their foolishness.

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